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The Indonesian National Police is the national law enforcement and police force of Indonesia . Founded on 1 July 1946, it was formerly a part of the military since 1962. The police were formally separated country’s from the armed forces on 1 April 1999 in a process which was formally completed on 1 July 2000.
While Indonesia was under Dutch colonial rule, police duties were performed either by military establishments or the colonial police known as the veldpolitie, or field police. Japanese occupation during WW II brought changes when the Japanese formed various armed organizations to support their war effort. This led to militarily trained youths being armed with confiscated Dutch arms to perform police duties.