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The Indonesian Navy (Indonesian: Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Laut, lit. ‘Indonesian National Military-Naval Force’, TNI-AL) is the naval branch of the Indonesian National Armed Forces. It was founded on 10 September 1945 and has a role to patrol Indonesia’s lengthy coastline, to enforce and patrol the territorial waters and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of Indonesia, to protect Indonesia’s maritime strategic interests, to protect the islands surrounding Indonesia, and to defend against seaborne threats.
The official Indonesian Navy’s history began on 10 September 1945, at the outset of the Indonesian National Revolution. The administration of the early Indonesian government established the People’s Marine Security Agency (Badan Keamanan Rakyat Laut/ BKR Laut) on 22 August 1945, the predecessor to the modern Indonesian Navy. BKR Laut with only wooden ships, a few landing craft and weapons left by Japan, was initially composed of Indonesian sailors who had served in the ranks of the Royal Netherlands Navy during the Dutch colonial period, and who had fought the Japanese during the years of military occupation, plus active militias who served with the Japanese and ex-Indonesian officers and ratings of the Imperial Japanese Navy.